Knightcite Turabian Bibliography

 

 

 

 Citations and Referencing


 

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

The go-to site for Modern Language Association and American Psychological Association writing and citation styles is the Purdue Online Writing Lab.  Use the left hand menus to find all the information, including a sample paper for each style.

 

What are citations?  Why cite? 

 

 

Citing Sources Matters      http://library.duke.edu/research/plagiarism

A short video on avoiding plagiarism from Duke University.   The right  hand side menu includes a link  to major citation styles.

 

Avoiding Plagiarism       http://apu.libguides.com/c.php?g=9834&p=49130

Azusa Pacific University Library has gathered the best of the web to provide examples of common mistakes and how to avoid them

 

Why We Cite Sources in Academic Papers   http://tinyurl.com/p9gzf6g

When and why you must include citations. © Emmy Misser & Stephanie Bell, Writing Centre, Wilfrid Laurier University

 

Plagiarism Examples     https://www.libraries.psu.edu/psul/lls/students/plagiarism_examples.html

Correct and incorrect ways to quote and paraphrase, with examples and explanations.  From the Penn State Library.

 

Quoting and Paraphrasing Sources     https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/QuotingSources.html

Examples of how to do it correctly from the Writer's Handbook, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

See also Writing inCollege Assignments

 

Citation Comparisons

If you are familiar with one style and need to use another, these resources can be helpful.

 

Citation Comparison Chart         https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20110928111055_949.pdf

The Purdue OWL provides a handy chart with examples of the differences among MLA, APA, and the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS or Chicago).

 

Comparing Citations: MLA, APA, Chicago        http://www.isu.edu/success/writing/handouts/comparing_citation.pdf

Idaho State University's Writing Center compares the main differences between the two styles. 

 

Comparing Citation Styles  MLA and APA       http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/05/comparing-mla-and-apa-citing-resources.html

From the APA Style Blog, with links to other blog entries on the subject.

 

An Educational Guide to Citation Styles         http://www.ericae.net/academic-necessities-citation-styles.html

This guide provides a comprehensive list of links to a wide variety of citation styles.

 

CITATION STYLES

 

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

For specific questions about materials, searching the APA Blog (or doing a general search on question + APA blog) is a great resource.

 

APA Citation Examples        https://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/apa_examples.cfm

From the University of Maryland University College, examples for many different types of sources.   

 

Basics of APA Style    http://tinyurl.com/APABeginnersTutorial

This 21 minute tutorial from APA introduces writers to both APA style and format and to APA citations.   Designed for those new to APA, it may be an option for students who have not worked with the style before.

 

APA Format         http://web.calstatela.edu/library/guides/3apa.pdf

A two page basic guide to how to format the most common citations in APA Style. 

 

Jr. Sr., III, and other Suffixes in APA Style      http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/03/jr-sr-and-other-suffixes-in-apa-style.html

The APA blogging team tells you what to do if your author's name has a suffix.

 

Citing Business Sources in APA Style          http://www.d.umn.edu/~jvileta/citation.html

This web page belongs to a business reference librarian at the University of Minnesota and provides an example of an APA citation for most Business databases. Part of the site: Jim Vileta's Business Research Launch Pad.

 

Citing Business Databases in APA Style                    http://libguides.lib.msu.edu/citingbusdatabases

Examples for most business databases from Michigan State University. 

 

How to Cite the DSM-V in APA Style        http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/08/how-to-cite-the-dsm5-in-apa-style.html

From the APA Blog

 

In Text Citations:  the Basics        https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/

In text citations, also known as parenthetical citations or in paper citations are explained here.  Examples are provided on this page.

 

The Frankenreference (combining two citation examples in APA)     http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/the-frankenreference.html

The extremely helpful folks at the APA Blog help with the "what if my resource isn't in the book" question -- how to combine two examples to get a correct reference.

 

Alphabetization in APA Style    http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/alphabetization-in-apa-style.html

Specific rules for how to alphabetize in APA style, so your reference list is perfect!

 

 

 

 

See also Writing inCollege Assignments

 

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style

Note:  MLA recently went to the 8th edition, which is a radical change for how electronic sources are handled.  You'll want to check with the student to see which version they are using, and begin with any resources on their library page. 

 

MLA 8th Edition:

 

Owl at Purdue MLA Guide     https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

 

Miracosta College Citation Help: MLA      http://library.miracosta.edu/mla

 

MLA 7th Edition:

 

MLA Citation Style      https://www.library.cornell.edu/research/citation/mla

Examples of page style, works cited entries, and in text citations from Cornell University Library.  

 

MLA Citation:  Non Traditional Sources        http://lib.trinity.edu/lib2/cite_nontrad_mla.php

Coates Library at Trinity University provides reference list and in text citations for a wide variety of graphic and audio/visual sources.  Television or Radio Program / Sound Recording / Film / Video Recording or DVD / Performance /Published Musical Composition / Original Painting, Sculpture, or Photo / Reproduced Painting, Sculpture, Photo /Painting, Sculpture, Photo in ARTstor / Map or Chart / Advertisement in a Magazine / Advertisement on TV 

 

MLA Citation Style       http://www.library.illinois.edu/learn/research/citation/mla.html

Scroll down to the sample citations for a variety of common sources.  The color coding makes this a helpful site for those learning to read citations as well.  The top of the page has links to additional information. From Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

 

Citing Mergent Online         http://www.mergentonline.com/Help/Citing%20Mergent%20Online%20as%20a%20Source%20-%20Help%20Page.htm

How to cite the online business database Mergent Online in MLA style. 

 

How to Alphabetize a Works Cited List          https://www.iup.edu/writingcenter/writing-resources/research-and-documentation/mla-style/the-works-cited-page/

This page shows you a alphabetized list as well as examples for each type of writing.  This page shows examples -- a finished Works Cited list is a strict alphabetical list of all sources and does not indicate the type of source in any type of heading. 

 

MLA Sample Paper with instructions     https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20170627162500_747.pdf

This sample paper includes notes about the paper and citation style, and includes a sample works cited page.

 

 

See also Writing inCollege Assignments

 

Law and Legal Citations 

 

Basic Legal Citation      https://www.law.cornell.edu/citation/

This site includes a book, video series, and a blog on legal citation. 

 

Cite a Court Case in MLA       http://www.easybib.com/mla-format/court-case-citation

Easy Bib provides a form to create a citation for a U S Court Case

 

Canadian Legal Citations       http://library.queensu.ca/law/lederman/legalcitation

Includes information on different types of citations, and also on how to find the citation information. 

 

APA and Legal Citations          http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/02/introduction-to-apa-style-legal-references.html

Explains legal citation in APA, and includes links to specific questions, such as how to cite the U.S. Constitution.

 

The BlueBook Quick Guide        https://www.legalbluebook.com/Public/FreeAccountSignup.aspx

If you register on this page, you can have access to the Quick Guide to the BlueBook Legal Style manual.

 

Chicago Manual of Style (Turabian) (CMS)

 

Chicago/Turabian Documentation       https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocChicago.html

The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, provides a guide to both citation and formatting.  The right hand menu includes a pdf document.

 

Citing Primary Sources in Chicago Style      http://www.loc.gov/teachers/usingprimarysources/chicago.html

As Chicago is the official citation style for History, and for the National History Day project, this guide from the Library of Congress is extremely helpful. 

 

Q&A on Alphabetizing     http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Alphabetizing.html

Click on 'show all answers' to find out about alphabetizing in many different situations.  The key question is are you alphabetizing letter by letter (as APA requires) or word by word?  They refer you to the Chicago Manual of Style section 16.61 to see the in depth answers. 

 

 

Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style

 

Citation Style and Format:  Quick Guide       http://www.scientificstyleandformat.org/Tools/SSF-Citation-Quick-Guide.html

A quick reference guide from the editors of the citation manual for CSE style.

 

Citation Wizard for Internet Sites in CSE Style       http://21cif.com/tools/citation/cse/citeWizard_cse_1.0.html

If you need to cite open internet sources in CSE, this tools will create them for you.  

 

 

American Sociological Association  (ASA) Style

 

Quick Guide to ASA Style       http://www.asanet.org/documents/teaching/pdfs/Quick_Tips_for_ASA_Style.pdf

Two page pdf file with guidelines based on the 4th edition of ASA style.

 

 

Harvard Referencing Style

 

Harvard Referencing, which is based on APA style, is used by many UK Universities.  Each University has their own version of the style, so students must look at the information from their own library or web page.  If you are helping a UK student, you need to check the policy page or library home page for their links to referencing information.  Note also that what is commonly called a "citation" in the US is a "reference" in the UK (appears in the works cited list/references list/bibliography) and a "citation" is what appears in the text of the paper (US:  in text or inline citation).

 

Harvard Reference Generator        http://www.harvardgenerator.com/

This tool will allow you to type in an ISBN or a website address and it will create a citation for you. 

Students must check to be sure that the citation conforms to the rules for their own University, which may differ from the programming for this site..

 

Harvard Referencing Style         http://guides.is.uwa.edu.au/harvard

Description and examples of both references and citations from the University of Western Australia.

Each UK University has their own version of the Harvard style, so students must look at the information from their own library or web page;  they cannot use this or any other resource for advice. 

 

Harvard (AGPS) Style         http://web.archive.org/web/20120313175609/http://www.lasalle.edu/academ/sba/faculty/Harvard.pdf

From the Victoria University of Technology, a comprehensive guide to Harvard style and how it works.   

Each UK University has their own version of the Harvard style, so students must look at the information from their own library or web page;  they cannot use this or any other resource for advice.

 

American Medical Association Citation Style

 

AMA Citation Style               http://www.library.illinois.edu/learn/research/citation/ama.html

Basic citations in AMA style from the University of Illinois.  The page uses color coding to help students read and understand citations.

 

CITATION GENERATORS

 

Citation Creation Websites

 

 Noodle Tools Express     http://www.noodletools.com/noodlebib/express.php

 The free version of the subscription NoodleTools site, this page allows you to create single citations in MLA, APA, or Chicago format. 

 

Knight Cite      http://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite/?op=register

Create citations in MLA, APA, or Chicago style using the menu on the left hand side of the page.   Free registration allows you access to additional features, like saving your citations.  You can create individual citations without registration.  Easy to use and accurate for most basic citations.

 

BibMe         http://www.bibme.org/

"The fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. It’s the easiest way to generate citations to build a works cited page. And it’s free."   BibMe offer an auto-complete form  and a variety of citation styles, including Harvard.  If you set up an account, you can save bibliographies.  Information about how it is designed and how it compares to other services is found on their FAQ page and more information is here.  This site does often require the user to provide additional information or create citations manually.

 

EasyBib       http://easybib.com/

EasyBib will create a citation from a web address.  The site provides a free citation in MLA;  to use any other styles or to save information, you have to buy an EasyBib Pro account, unless your school has an institutional subscription.  More information about this website is here.   

 

Government Documents Service:  DocsCite            http://www.asu.edu/lib/hayden/govdocs/docscite/docscite.htm

This unique citation creation tool is just for U.S. government documents.  Choose APA or MLA and where you found the document, and get a form to create your citation, with a help link for each section. 

 

Harvard Reference Generator        http://www.harvardgenerator.com/

This tool will allow you to type in an ISBN or a website address and it will create a citation for you.  Students should check to be sure that the citation conforms to the rules for their own University.

 

Citation Wizard for Internet Sites in CSE Style       http://21cif.com/tools/citation/cse/citeWizard_cse_1.0.html

If you need to cite open internet sources in Council of Science Editors style, this tools will create them for you.  

 

CITATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

 

Citation Management Systems

Check first to see if the patron's library -- especially if it is a college or university library -- offers a citation management system.  There will often be a guide for citation management systems or a link to a specific system, such as RefWorks, Flow, or EndNote.  Most databases, and WorldCat, allow you to export citation information directly into the citation management systems. 

 

Citation and Research Management Tools            http://libguides.metro.org/researchmanagement

A Library Guide from the Metropolitan New York Library Council, this page gives you an overview of the most well known citation management tools.  It compares the different tools and provides a tab for each tool, with detailed information and tutorials.

 

A Comparison of Reference Management Software         https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_reference_management_software

A comprehensive, technical, and detailed series of comparison charts for all the available citation management systems, free and fee based.   

 

Zotoro          https://www.zotero.org/

"Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources"  It is a program that you download.  Read more about it here. 

 

Mendeley          https://www.mendeley.com/

"Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network. Make your own fully-searchable library in seconds, cite as you write, and read and annotate your PDFs on any device. Showcase your work and assess the impact of your research."   Read more about it here.

 

Quigga       http://www.qiqqa.com/      

"The essential free research and reference manager. Search for, read and annotate your PDFs. Then review your work, write up and create bibliographies instantly."  Read more about it here.  For Windows.

 

RefWorks             http://www.refworks.com/

"RefWorks -- an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies."  This is a paid service; individuals can subscribe to it, but if is usually an institutional subscription.  If you are working with a university student, check to see if the library has a subscription and how the student gets the code they need to sign in.  The company's other products are Write n' Cite and Flow.  They have very good end user support materials, so direct struggling students to the Quick Start Guide. 

Read more about it here.    How to import information from databases into RefWorks is explained on this page:   [https://www.refworks.com/refworks/help/Exporting_from_Data_Services_and_Importing_into_RefWorks.htm] .

 

EndNote       http://endnote.com/

"Find, use and share research with EndNote It’s for more than bibliographies. Sync your EndNote library across your desktop, iPad and online. Work on your research from anywhere."  This is downloadable software, and it is possible to purchase individual subscriptions.  Read more about it here.

 

BibMe         http://www.bibme.org/

"The fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. It’s the easiest way to generate citations to build a works cited page. And it’s free."   BibMe offer an auto-complete form  and a variety of citation styles, including Harvard.  If you set up an account, you can save bibliographies.  Information about how it is designed and how it compares to other services is found on their FAQ page and more information is here.

 

EasyBib       http://easybib.com/

EasyBib will create a citation from a web address.  The site provides a free citation in MLA;  to use any other styles or to save information, you have to buy an EasyBib Pro account, unless your school has an institutional subscription.  More information about this website is here.   

 

Make Citation      http://www.makecitation.com/

Make individual citations in a wide variety of citation styles,  including Harvard.

 

eTurabian            http://www.eturabian.com/turabian/index.html

This site is advertising supported and cluttered, but the links on the left hand side take you to a variety of tools to create citations from different resources. 

 

CITING SPECIFIC SOURCES

 

Government Documents 

 

Citing (US) Government Documents in APA Style         http://libguides.wlu.edu/c.php?g=158245&p=1036332

Examples and advice for citing U.S. federal government documents, from print and online sources.  Washington & Lee University library. 

 

Citing IGOs:  Basic Style      https://libraries.indiana.edu/guide-citing-igo-publications#basic

Indiana University Library provides information on how to cite government documents with examples from a variety of international organizations.  Examples are based on Chicago Style. 

 

Citing (U.S.) Government Documents:  Basic Guide        https://libraries.indiana.edu/guide-citing-us-government-publications

Explains the basics of citing government documents, including how to find the information needed in the document.  Includes links to resources from the Indiana University collection, which may not work for non-IU students. 

 

Citing (U.S.) Government Documents in MLA Style        http://knowledgecenter.unr.edu/help/manage/government_cite.aspx

A comprehensive list of examples for many different types of government document sources and legal sources, from the University of Nevada, Reno library.

 

Government Documents Service:  DocsCite            http://www.asu.edu/lib/hayden/govdocs/docscite/docscite.htm

This unique citation creation tool is just for U.S. government documents.  Choose APA or MLA and where you found the document, and get a form to create your citation, with a help link for each section. 

 

 

Secondary Sources

 

 

Secondary Sources in APA      http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/secondary-sources-aka-how-to-cite-a-source-you-found-in-another-source.html

APA actually recommends that you find the original source if at all possible, but if you cannot, this page tells you how to cite a source quoted in another source.

 

 

Bible and Religious Texts

 

How to Cite the Bible       http://www.messiah.edu/murraylibrary/guides/bible_cite.pdf

How to cite the Hebrew and Christian bible, with standard abbreviations. 

 

Class Presentations, Pages, and Notes

 

APA Citations:  Course Content       http://libguides.usc.edu/c.php?g=235185&p=1560636

One section of the library guide to basic APA citation from the USC Library.

 

WRITING, QUOTATIONS, PAPER STYLE, SAMPLE PAPERS

 

Paper Styles and Sample Papers

 

Using Signal Phrases          http://tinyurl.com/o63asfj

How to introduce quotation and paraphrases in a research paper, using either in MLA or APA style papers. 

 

APA Lite for College Papers          http://www.docstyles.com/apalite.html

A guide to all the sections of paper formatting in APA style, including a sample paper.

 

APA Sample Paper         https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090212013008_560.pdf

An annotated sample paper to show you everything you need to know about formatting a paper in APA style.

 

MLA Sample Paper          https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090701095636_747.pdf

An annotated sample paper to show you everything you need to know about formatting a paper in MLA style.

 

 

AMA Formatting for a Paper          http://research.wou.edu/amapaperformat

A sample paper for those using American Medical Association Style

 

See also Writing inCollege Assignments

 

 

 

 

 

 

9/28/2015  AAH

Links added 9/29/2015 AAH

Links added 9/30/2015 AAH

Links updated and checked 8/29/2016

Formatting changes 1/18/2017 AAH

Links added 7/30/2017

 

BibMe

BibMe created by Carnegie Melon students; format in APA, MLA and Chicago styles. 



Son of Citation Machine






KnightCite




EasyBib





WorksCited4U

Select manual entry or auto-cite.  You can even look up the ISBN for the book to find the citation!  It's simple and easy to auto-generate a citation with WorksCited4u tool. 


Purdue OWL Writing Center

Purdue OWL Writing Center is an online writing lab providing support for research and citations.  Visit the site for tutorials, videos, style guides, and resources for APA or MLA style and more!


Turabian





Don't forget about the citation tools built into the MEL databases.  Select a database (e.g. Academic One File), locate an article (e.g. Force and Motion), and use the toolbox on the right hand side. It will allow you to automatically generate citations using either MLA or APA format. 


0 thoughts on “Knightcite Turabian Bibliography

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *