Synthesis Argument Essay Example

The word “synthesis” is defined as a combination of elements to form a connected whole. Thus, a synthesis essay definition is an essay that combines different ideas into a whole to prove a point (otherwise called the thesis). Often, it comes with a text that you should analyze.


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Writing Process

A key factor of writing a synthesis essay is an analysis of a given text or a prompt. In order to successfully analyze it, you must comprehend the text’s purpose, rhetoric, and the argument that the author’s claim, in other words, you are answering the question: “So what?”. Then, you must build your own claim, and write an essay around that.

Most Common Topics

A synthesis essay prompt must be negotiable. Like in the EssayPro's example above, Andrew Jackson’s negative views on Native American people were widely supported, today, however, they would be appalling. Depending on your assignment, you may have to choose a primary text. Choose a text that might have opposing viewpoints.

Good topics would be ones that are debatable, for example:

  • Daylight savings
  • Minimum wage
  • Abortion
  • Immigration policy
  • Global warming
  • Gun control
  • Social media

How Do I Write A Thesis?

Once you pick a topic of your paper, read your sources and establish your position. Make sure you thoroughly analyze the sources and get a good understanding of them, structure your claim or argument and write your thesis.

Example: Andrew Jackson’s fear of the Native American “savages” reflects the prejudices and ideas of the colonist people in the Union and the Congress.*

How Do I Write An Outline?

Creating an outline will help maintain the structure of your paper. If your essay is split into three parts, split your outline into three chunks. Paste supporting evidence, sub-arguments, and specific points in the appropriate sections. Make sure that every point somehow proves the claim in your thesis. Extra information or tangents will only hinder your essay. However, if information goes against your central claim, then you should acknowledge it as it will make your essay stronger. Make sure you have read all of your sources. When writing about the sources, do not summarize them; synthesis denotes analysis, not plot-summary.

Example:

  • Introduction
  • Thesis
    • Main point 1
    • Main point 2
    • Main point 3
  • Body
  • Main point 1
    • Evidence (quote from a source)
    • Analysis of Evidence
  • Main point 2
    • Evidence (quote from a source)
    • Analysis of Evidence
  • Main point 3
    • Evidence (quote from a source)
    • Analysis of Evidence
  • Conclusion
  • Restate main points and answer unanswered questions

Read more about how to write a great INTRODUCTION

How Do I Format My Essay?

The format depends on what style is required by your teacher or professor. The most common formats are: MLA, APA, and Chicago style. APA is used by fields of Education, Psychology, and Science. MLA is used for citing Humanities, and Chicago style is used for Business, History, and Fine Arts. Purdue Owl is a format guide that focuses mainly on MLA and APA, and Easybib is a citation multitool for any of your external sources.

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double spaced
  • 1” margins
  • Top right includes last name and page number on every page
  • Titles are centered
  • The header should include your name, your professor’s name, course number and the date (dd/mm/yy)
  • The last page includes a Works Cited

APA Format

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double spaced 1” margins
  • Include a page header on the top of every page
  • Insert page number on the right
  • An essay should be divided into four parts: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

How do I write an AP English Synthesis Essay?

AP English Language and Composition is an extremely rigorous course that requires you to write essays that demonstrate deep understanding of the subject matter. In fact, if on the AP exam, your essay has perfect grammar and structure, you might still be awarded just 1 out of 9 points for not “defending, challenging, or qualifying your claim.” Sounds difficult, but it is doable. Before entering any AP class, it is best to read over the course overview and become familiar with the exam.

While writing, focus on the three branches of the AP English and Composition course: argument, synthesis, and rhetorical analysis.

Argument is the easiest component; create your claim and find specific supporting evidence. Convince your reader that you are right.

Synthesis requires you to read into multiple perspectives and identify an agreement and a disagreement between sources. This step is crucial to finding your own claim.

Rhetorical analysis deals with the author and his intentions. What was their purpose for writing this? Who is their intended audience? How does the author appeal to the audience and how does he structure his claim?

Essay Tips

There are two acronyms that are helpful with the three AP Lang writing branches.

Tip #1: SOAPS

Example text: Andrew Jackson’s speech to the Congress about sending Native Americans to the West.

Speaker: Identify the speaker of the piece, then analyze for bias and apply any prior knowledge that you have on the speaker.

Example: President Andrew Jackson had a bias against Native Americans. A piece written by Andrew Jackson about Native Americans will probably be written with a bias against him.

Occasion: Determine the time and the place of the written text, then identify the reason the text was written. Even if you aren’t sure of the reason, assume one and make your claim around it.

Example: Andrew Jackson was in office from 1829 to 1837. At this time, the Congress sent Native Americans to the West in order to clear the land for the colonists. Jackson was the one who made the proposal.

Audience: Who was the text directed to?

Example: Andrew Jackson’s speech was directed to a council.

Purpose: What is the text trying to say? Here, you analyze the tone of the text.

Example: Andrew Jackson appeals to pathos by calling Indians “savages”. His purpose is to portray Native Americans in a negative light, so the Congress passes the Indian Removal Act.

Subject: What is the main idea? What is the claim?

Example: Andrew Jackson wants the Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act because he believes Native Americans are uncultured and savage people.

Tip #2: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

As you’ve probably learned before, Logos appeals to reason, Pathos appeals to emotion, and Ethos appeals to moral philosophy or credibility. However, for the AP Lang exam requires a wider understanding of the three.

If the text uses facts, statistics, quotations, and definitions, the speaker is appealing to Logos. Constituting various backup information is an extremely effective for people who want to persuade.

If the text uses vivid imagery and strong language it denotes Pathos, which is used to connect the audience to a piece emotionally; it is hardest to change the mind of a person who is linked to a subject via a strong emotion.

If the text attempts to demonstrate the speakers reliability or credibility, it is a direct appeal to Ethos. Using the example above, Andrew Jackson could have appealed to Ethos by stating the fact that he is the President of the United States, and thus, knows what is best for the union.

Often, Logos, Ethos, and Pathos lead to the use of logical fallacies.

Tip #3: DIDLS

This is a good shorthand for all textual analysis. While reading a text, try to pinpoint Diction, Imagery, Details, Language, and Sentence Structure in a piece. If anything stands out, add it to your analysis.

Rubric

  • High range essay (8-9 points)
  • Effectively develops a position on the assigned topic.
  • Demonstrates full understanding of the sources or text.
  • Correctly synthesizes sources and develops a position. The writer drives the argument, not the sources.
  • The writer’s argument is convincing.
  • The writer makes no general assertions and cites specific evidence for each point. His/her evidence is developed and answers the “so what?” question.
  • The essay is clear, well-organized, and coherent. It is a stand alone piece rather than an exam response.
  • Contains very few grammatical and spelling errors or flaws, if any.

Note: 8-9 essays are an extreme rarity. A strong ‘7’ paper can jump to an 8-9 if the writing style is mature and perceptive.

Middle-Range Essay (57)

  • Adequately develops a position on the assigned topic.
  • Demonstrates sufficient understanding of the ideas developed in sources
  • Sufficiently summarizes the sources and assumes some control of the argument. ‘5’ essays are less focused than ‘6’ and ‘7’.
  • The writer's argument is sufficient but less developed.
  • Writer successfully synthesizes the sources and cites them.
  • Writer answers the “So what?” question but may use generalizations or assertions of universal truth. Writer cites own experience and specific evidence.
  • Essay is clear and well organized. ‘5’ essays less so.
  • Contains few minor errors of grammar or syntax.

Note: A ‘7’ is awarded to papers of college-level writing.
A ‘5’ on one of the AP English Language and Composition essays designates a 3 on the AP exam. It most likely relies on generalizations has limited control of the claim and argument. ‘5’ essays often lose focus and digress.

Low-Range Essays (1-4)

  • Inadequately develops a position on the assigned topic.
  • The author misunderstands and simplifies the ideas developed in the sources.
  • Over-summarizes the sources, lets the sources drive the argument.
  • Writer has weak control of organization and syntax. Essay contains numerous grammatical/spelling errors.
  • Writer does not cite the sources correctly, skips a citation, or cites fewer than the required minimum of the sources.
  • Notes: ‘4’ or ‘3’ essays do assert an argument but do not sufficiently develop it.
  • A ‘2’ essay does not develop an argument.
  • A 1-2 essay has severe writing errors and do not assert a claim.

Synthesis Essay Example

Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team

James Owen, online essay writer from EssayPro

The article reviews the basics of how to write a synthesis essay as well as how to dissect and analyze text when writing an AP English essay. One thing I would like to reemphasize is the importance of your thesis statement. When you write an essay for class or exam, make sure to state your argument clearly. If the reader of your essay doesn’t understand your point of view then what you’ve written is futile.

My advice is: when writing an essay in a short period (such as in an exam room) make sure to articulate your argument in every paragraph and connect every single one of your ideas to the thesis. My tip is to write your thesis down on a piece of paper and reread it at every point to ensure that the information applies and reinforces what you’ve stated in your thesis. This tip also goes for when you are writing a longer piece of writing, as it is very easy to lose focus and stray away from your main point.

Struggling With Writing an Essay?

Still having trouble crafting a synthesis essay? Need editing or writing help? You should seek advice from professional writers. Here at EssayPro, writers have written countless papers and are experts in their field. You can request to write your paper or editing or proofreading assistance. Rest assured that your paper is in good hands!

Writing a great argumentative synthesis essay has been a problem to many students since time immemorial. In fact, not many students can define what an argumentative synthesis essay is. If you are one of them we will help understand how to write great argument synthesis essays. Maybe you have perfected the art of writing argumentative essays where you are either given a topic or you have the freedom of choosing a topic yourself, an argumentative synthesis essay is a small advanced twist from the normal argumentative essays.

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What is an Argumentative Synthesis Essay?

An argumentative synthesis can be defined as the kind of an  essay where a student or you  (for the purpose of this writing) are provided with a number of resources and required to come up with a strong position and use the sources to defend your arguments.

This is different from the common argumentative essays in that you are first provided with references and then you proceed to find a topic and your position. This kind of writing is common in most  institutions of higher learning and if a students is not conversant with these kinds of writing or don’t know where to seek help writing argumentative synthesis essays it becomes an uphill and a daunting task to carryout.

Writing winning synthesis argument essays requires you to have sharp critical analysis skills so that you can establish the connections between the sources provided. When writing an argument synthesis on a topic that you have written before, you use the information on other papers to come up with a firm stand. make sure if the arguments in other papers is inline with the position you will take on the paper that you are writing now.

If you wish to your write synthesis essay yourself, below is the guide:

How To Write a Winning Argument Synthesis Essay Yourself

If you decide to go your own way an write your paper, here is a simple guide on how to write a synthesis essay fast. In this guide, we will assume that you have been provided with a bunch of sources by your examiner and all you have to do is to come up with a topic, a position, and a winning essay. You can write a great argumentative synthesis essay sample in the following 3 steps.

  • Analyze The Sources Provided :

Never rush to write any paper without going though the provided sources time and again until you develop a clear picture and understanding on what the connection between them. Make sure you note the key themes or points discussed by the authors. This is your first step of writing a good synthesis essay. It is advisable that when going though each source, prepare a data table and record all events the author writes about in each source. This will be instrumental when coming up with an outline.

  • Come up with a Great Topic For Your Synthesis Essay:

Coming up with a great topic for an argument synthesis essay is not an easy task. Great synthesis essay topic mostly come from immediate social issues. Think about a common social issue that you can relate to and see if the issues you have raised from analysis the sources.

TIP : Take a Debatable Topic- When picking your synthesis essay topic, you would want to pick a debatable topic and which you are well conversant with. Don’t just pick a topic because it crossed you mind. Pick something that you can be able to argue and support.

While picking a synthesis essay topic, take a broad topic and narrow down to something smaller. It is not easy to win an argument when the topic is very broad. You need to have a topic that your examiner or audience would be interested in. Do not go into topics that can arouse many opinions e.g. obesity.

  • Develop Your Position and a Thesis Statement:

At this point, you have read the sources and prepared a table with all the information you need. How does the information relate to what you know? Now go ahead and take your position based on the topic and sources. Your position will be one side of your argument and that is what you will support throughout the essay.

Now you have a position, we need to come up with a clear thesis statement. In synthesis  essay writing, a thesis statement is crucial as it forms the basis of your arguments in the paper. Make sure you develop a strong thesis for this essay. Remember you have to convince the examiner that your arguments are valid and use the sources to prove so.

How To Make A Great Argumentative Synthesis Essay Outline

We won’t go into so much details of making an outline for your synthesis essay. Here is just a structure of your synthesis essay: Do not skip this step as it will affect the quality of your essay. Did you know you save a great deal of time when writing planned essays? Here is the structure:

Introduction

  • Thesis

Body

  • Point A
    • Evidence from the source
    • Analysis of Evidence
  • Point B
    • Evidence from the source
    • Analysis of Evidence
  • Point C
    • Evidence from the source
    • Analysis of Evidence

Conclusion

A powerful conclusion is needed for your synthesis essay. This is your last point of convincing your examiner that your argument in the synthesis essay makes sense and worth it. We have a guide on how to end an argumentative essay  to learn how you can write grade winning conclusion. Remember you can still end an essay with a question. This is your moment to show your skills.

Format of an Argumentative Synthesis Essay

The format of writing an argumentative synthesis essay sample is not different from writing any other paper. You have 3 key parts: Introduction, Main Body, and Conclusion as pointed above in the outline.

Other things to consider are: Paper formatting instructions provided by your examiner: APA essay format,  MLA, Chicago.; Font sizes

The final thing in every writing process must be proofreading your synthesis essay. Make sure it is perfect before sending it for grading. Mistakes in your essay will make your marks go away. If you are unable to do proper proofreading, you can have an expert at Essay Agents look at your synthesis essay at an affordable price.

 

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