Mesosystem Bronfenbrenner Essays On Education

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory On Child Development

#1 Urie Bronfenbrenner, an American psychologist, developed the Ecological Systems Theory in order to further discuss and explain child development. Bronfenbrenner's theory explains that there are certain cultural and social factors within a child's immediate environment that influences the child's development and experience. Within the immediate environment of the child, there are many levels, or systems, that can affect and influence child development.

There are five systems that Bronfenbrenner indicates in his theory on child development. The first system in the Ecological Theory is microsystem, which is the child's closest layer. The microsystem is the immediate environment in which the child lives in. Any immediate interaction with the child is part of the microsystem, such as at school, day care and with family and peers. Such relationship can certainly influence a child's development psychologically, biologically, or etc. As a child develops, the child is very susceptible to his or her immediate surroundings and interaction within the microsystem. The ways in which a child is treated within the microsystem and also the ways in which the child reacts are also important factors in the microsystem.

The second system is the mesosystem, which is a system that is comprised by the linkages between the microsystems. Such an example includes the possible connection between a child's immediate surroundings of school and home. More specifically, the connection with a child's school and home is a parent teacher meeting or conference, in which the child is involved in.

The third system of Bronfenbrenner's theory on child development is the exosystem, which includes other places or people that indirectly influences a child's development. One of the most common examples of an exoskeleton is the workplace of the child's parents. Although the child will most likely not interact within the parent's workplace, there are many factors that can affect child development. A bad day at work, such as being fired, can negatively affect the parent's attitude towards the child. With the stress of paying bills and being in debt, the parents will most likely take out their stress or anger towards their child, which will negatively influence development. Similarly, a parent who receives a raise at work...

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Essay on Child Development and The Ecological Theory

701 Words3 Pages

Bronfenbrenner’s (1977, 1979, 1989, 1993, 1994) ecological theory suggested that child (human) development occurs for the child within the context of various environments. These environments, or systems, are influenced from within and between other environments. The individuals within each system influence each other through various transactions that occur between them.

In ecological theory, these systems are nested with the child at the core, embedded within his/her immediate family environment. The system with the closest proximity to the child is the microsystem; this includes the child and family, peers, neighborhood and school. A critical impact on development occurs within the immediate environment of the child due to proximal…show more content…

Bronfenbrenner’s (1977, 1979, 1989, 1993, 1994) ecological theory suggested that child (human) development occurs for the child within the context of various environments. These environments, or systems, are influenced from within and between other environments. The individuals within each system influence each other through various transactions that occur between them.

In ecological theory, these systems are nested with the child at the core, embedded within his/her immediate family environment. The system with the closest proximity to the child is the microsystem; this includes the child and family, peers, neighborhood and school. A critical impact on development occurs within the immediate environment of the child due to proximal processes, transactions and interactions, that operate to produce and sustain development. This is particularly relevant when considering maladaptive development and disorders occurring in children. Based on this theory it can be assumed that dysfunction in children occurs as a byproduct of the microsystem.

The mesosystem surrounding the microsystem is representative of the relationships that occur between two or more settings containing the developing child. An example is the relational interactions between caregiver and school, or school and day care. The mesosystem is an environment, or system, of microsystems (1994)

The Exosystem represents mostly indirect, but at times direct, influences of the extended community on the child. These

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